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Black Forest history

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The first cartographic mention of the Black Forest can be found in the Tabula Peutingeriana from the 4th century. The Romans called it Schwarzwald back then when Marciana Silva, which means border forest (from German marka, “border”). Probably described the Black Forest the border to the area of ​​the Marcomanni ("border people") who settled east of the Roman Limes. These in turn belonged to the Germanic people Suebi, from which the later Swabians derived. The colonization of the Black Forest was not carried out by the Romans, who created the Kinzigtalstraße, but only by the Alemanni. These first settled and colonized the valley areas by z. B. from the Baar from the former settlement boundary, the so-called "Buntsandsteingrize" crossed. Soon afterwards, higher and higher areas and adjacent forests were colonized, so that the first settlements in the area of ​​the Buntsandstein were already at the end of the 10th century. This includes, for example, Rötenbach, which is first mentioned in 819.

Some of the uprisings (including the Bundschuh movement) that preceded the German Peasants' War took place in the 16th century. Century from the Black Forest out of. A further uprising of the farmers took place in the following two centuries due to the saltpeter unrest in the Hotzenwald.

Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden-Baden (1655–1707, also called “Türkenlouis” because of his services and awards in the war against the Turks outside Vienna) had baroque redoubts built to defend against enemy invasions by France at the end of the 17th century. Well-preserved and researched fortifications and ramparts can be found near Gersbach in the southern Black Forest, especially at pass crossings.

Especially from the 1960s onwards The Black Forest is a backdrop for many films and television series, including for some films with Roy Black, and later in the 1980s for the TV series Schwarzwaldklinik.

On December 26, 1999, hurricane Lothar raged in the Black Forest and caused major forest damage, especially in the spruce monocultures

Source: wikipedia.de