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The climate in the Black Forest

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Climatically, a mountain range stands out from the peripheral landscapes due to lower temperatures and greater rainfall. Regular rainfall throughout the year shape the low mountain range character of the Black Forest. However, the decrease in temperature and increase in precipitation do not occur uniformly with increasing altitude. A disproportionately strong increase in precipitation can be observed even at lower altitudes and on the west side with a lot of precipitation.


Amounts of rain and snow

The area with the highest rainfall is the northern Black Forest. Exposed to rainy Atlantic westerly winds, up to 2200 mm of rain per square meter fall here per year. At the height of the Middle and Southern Black Forest, the upstream Vosges act as a kind of rain catcher. This means that the precipitation is less productive. On the east-facing side of the Middle Black Forest, it is again much drier. The annual rainfall here is sometimes only around 750 mm. In winter, the duration and thickness of the snowpack generally increase with increasing height.

Temperatures and sunshine duration

Thermally, the higher areas of the Black Forest are characterized by relatively low annual fluctuations and subdued extreme values. The reasons for this are the frequent light winds and heavier clouds in summer. In the winter months, the more frequent high-pressure weather on the peaks leads to sunshine, while the valleys in cold-air lakes disappear under a thick blanket of fog (inversion weather).

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